Impact of material nonlinearity of dam-foundation rock system on seismic performance of concrete gravity dams
More details
Hide details
Laboratory of Materials and Mechanics of Structures (LMMS), Department of Civil Engineering, University of Msila, Algeria
Laboratory of Hydraulic Developments and Environment LAHE, University of Biskra, Algeria
Department of Civil Engineering and Public Works, Faculty of Technology, University Belhadj Bouchaib, Ain Temouchent, Algeria
Consultant, Antony, France
Submission date: 2022-08-07
Final revision date: 2022-10-25
Acceptance date: 2022-10-26
Online publication date: 2022-12-29
Publication date: 2023-01-30
Corresponding author
Mokhtar Messaad   

Civil Engineering, University of Biskra, Algeria
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics 2023;61(1):49-63
This paper shows the impact of material nonlinearity of a dam-foundation rock system on seismic performance of Oued Fodda concrete gravity dam, located at northwestern side of Algeria. For the purpose, a three-dimensional dam-foundation rock system finite element model is employed in analyses. The hydrodynamic interaction between reservoir water and dam-foundation system is implicitly taken into consideration by the Westergaard approach using surface finite elements added to dam-fluid and foundation-fluid interfaces. The concrete material model is used to present the cracking of dam concrete under a seismic load the using smeared crack approach based on the Willam and Warnke failure criterion. The materially nonlinear analysis for both dam concrete and foundation rock is performed using Drucker- -Prager model. According to numerical results, tensile stresses and maximum strains reduce significantly in the materially nonlinear model. In addition, the cracking areas in the dam decrease also when material nonlinearity characteristics of the dam-foundation rock system is considered in analyses.
Akköse M., Şimşek E., 2010, Non-linear seismic response of concrete gravity dams to near-fault ground motions including dam-water-sediment-foundation interaction, Applied Mathematical Modelling, 34, 11, 3685-3700.
ANSYS, 2018, Theory User’s Manual, Swanson Analysis Systems Inc., Canonsburg, PA, USA.
Arici Y., Binici B., Aldemir A., 2014, Comparison of the expected damage patterns from two- and three-dimensional nonlinear dynamic analyses of a roller compacted concrete dam, Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, 10, 3, 305-315.
Burman A., Maity D., Sreedeep S., 2010, Iterative analysis of concrete gravity dam-nonlinear foundation interaction, International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, 2, 4, 85-99.
Burman A., Reddy B.V., Maity D., 2008, Seismic analysis of concrete gravity dams considering foundation flexibility and nonlinearity, Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computational Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (IACMAG), Goa, India.
Chen W.F., Mizuno E., 1990, Nonlinear Analysis in Soil Mechanics, Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Drucker D.C., Prager W., 1952, Soil mechanics and plastic analysis or limit design, Quarterly of Applied Mathematics, 10, 2, 157-165.
Hariri-Ardebili M.A., 2014, Impact of foundation nonlinearity on the crack propagation of high concrete dams, Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, 51, 2, 72-82.
Karabulut M., Kartal M.E., 2020 Seismic analysis of Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) dams considering effect of viscous boundary conditions, Computers and Concrete, 25, 3, 255-266
Karalar M., Çavuşli M., 2020, Seismic effects of epicenter distance of earthquake on 3D damage performance of CG dams, Earthquakes and Structures, 18, 2, 201-213.
Kartal M.E., 2012, Three-dimensional earthquake analysis of roller-compacted concrete dams, Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 12, 7, 2369-2388.
Kartal M.E., Karabulut M., 2018, Earthquake performance evaluation of three-dimensional roller compacted concrete dams, Earthquakes and Structures, 14, 2, 167-178.
Khazaei-Poul M., Zerva A., 2018, Nonlinear dynamic response of concrete gravity dams considering the deconvolution process, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 109, 324-338.
Moradloo J., Naserasadi K., Zamani H., 2018, Seismic fragility evaluation of arch concrete dams through nonlinear incremental analysis using smeared crack model, Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 68, 6, 747-760.
Ouzandja D., Tiliouine B., 2015, Effects of dam-foundation contact conditions on seismic performance of concrete gravity dams, Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 40, 11, 3047-3056.
Ouzandja D., Tiliouine B., Belharizi M., Kadri M., 2017, Three-dimensional nonlinear seismic response of Oued Fodda concrete gravity dam considering contact elements at dam-reservoir interaction interface, Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (BHRC), 18, 6, 977-992.
Pirooznia A., Moradloo A.J., 2021, Seismic fracture analysis of concrete arch dams incorporating the loading rate dependent size effect of concrete, Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 79, 2, 169-198.
Wang G., Wang Y., Lu W., Yu M., Wang C., 2017, Deterministic 3D seismic damage analysis of Guandi concrete gravity dam: A case study, Engineering Structures, 148, 263-276.
Wang G., Wang Y., Lu W., Zhou W., Zhou C., 2015, Integrated duration effects on seismic performance of concrete gravity dams using linear and nonlinear evaluation methods, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 79, 223-236.
Wang H., Feng M., Yang H., 2012, Seismic nonlinear analyses of a concrete gravity dam with 3D full dam model, Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, 10, 6, 1959-1977.
Westergaard H.M., 1933, Water pressures on dams during earthquakes, Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 98, 2, 418-433.
Willam K.J., Warnke E.D., 1975, Constitutive model for the triaxial behavior of concrete, Proceedings of International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, 19, 174, ISMES, Bergamo, Italy.
Yazdani Y., Alembagheri M., 2017, Nonlinear seismic response of a gravity dam under near-fault ground motions and equivalent pulses, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 92, 621-632.
Yilmazturk S.M., Arici Y., Binici B., 2015, Seismic assessment of a monolithic RCC gravity dam including three dimensional dam-foundation-reservoir interaction, Engineering Structures, 100, 137-148.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top