Investigation on the anti-penetration performance of UD - three-dimensional orthogonal woven fabric composite reinforced structure
Lei Liu 1,2
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School of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang, China
China Merchants Jinling Shipyard (Yangzhou) Dingheng Co., Ltd.
School of Civil Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou, China
China Special Equipment Inspection and Research Institute, Jiaxing, China
Submission date: 2023-03-07
Final revision date: 2023-05-31
Acceptance date: 2023-06-14
Online publication date: 2023-09-18
Publication date: 2023-10-30
Corresponding author
Denghui Qian   

School of Naval Architecture & Ocean Engineering, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, China
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics 2023;61(4):701-714
A uni-direction (UD) laminate and three-dimensional (3D) orthogonal woven fabric made of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) are used as main reinforced units combined with aluminum alloy plates to form a reinforced sandwich structure. Penetration tests are carried out on four composite reinforced structures with different structure forms by a 7.62mm steel core projectile. The target plate size is 150mm×150mm. Besides, Ansys/LS- Dyna software is applied to simulate the penetration process, and the simulation results are in good agreement with the test results. All the results demonstrate that with the same total thickness of UD laminates, 20mm UD laminates have better penetration resistance than four 5mm UD laminates. The less the number of UD laminates, the better anti-penetration performance of the overall structure. The 3D orthogonal woven fabric has the advantage of spatial integrity, which can effectively restrain deformation of laminates and absorb energy behind UD laminates, so as to obtain better anti-penetration performance. In the core structure with a total thickness of 28mm, when the thickness ratio of 3D orthogonal woven fabric is between 30% and 35%, the protection ability and lightweight requirements of the sandwich structure can be better considered.
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