Investigation of crack resistance in epoxy/boron nitride nanotube nanocomposites based on multi-scale method
More details
Hide details
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Malek-Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Submission date: 2018-04-14
Acceptance date: 2018-09-10
Online publication date: 2019-01-20
Publication date: 2019-01-18
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics 2019;57(1):207-219
Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) possess superior mechanical, thermal and electrical pro- perties and are also suitable for biocomposites. These properties make them a favorable reinforcement for nanocomposites. Since experimental studies on nanocomposites are time- consuming, costly, and require accurate implementation, finite element analysis is used for nanocomposite modeling. In this work, a representative volume element (RVE) of epo- xy/BNNT nanocomposites based on multi-scale modeling is considered. The bonds of BNNT are modeled by 3D beam elements. Also non-linear spring elements are employed to simu- late the van der Waals bonds between the nanotube and matrix based on the Lennard- -Jones potential. Young’s and shear modulus of BNNTs are in ranges of 1.039-1.041TPa and 0.44-0.52TPa, respectively. Three fracture modes (opening, shearing, and tearing) have been simulated and stress intensity factors have been determined for a pure matrix and nanocom- posite by J integral. Numerical results indicate that by incorporation of BNNT in the epoxy matrix, stress intensity factors of three modes decrease. Also, by increasing the chirality of BNNT, crack resistance of shearing and tearing modes are enhanced, and stress inten- sity factor of opening mode reduced. BNNTs bridge the crack surface and prevent crack propagation.
Akdim B., Achter R.P., Duan X.F., Adams W.W., 2003, Comparative theoretical study of single-wall carbon and boron-nitride nanotubes, Physical Review B, 67, 245404.
Ansari R., Rouhi S., Mirnezhad M., Aryayi M., 2015, Stability characteristics of single-walled boron nitride nanotubes, Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, 15, 162-170.
Battezzatti L., Pisani C., Ricca F., 1975, Equilibrium conformation and surface motion of hydrocarbon molecules physisorbed on graphite, Journal of the Chemical Society, 71, 1629-1639.
Bettinger H.F., Dumitric T.T., Scuseria G.E., Yakobson B.I., 2002,Mechanically induced defects and strength of BN nanotubes, Physical Review B, 65, 041406.
Chang C.W., Han W.Q., Zettl A., 2005, Thermal conductivity of B-C-N and BN nanotubes, Applied Physics Letters, 86, 173102.
Chen X., Zhang L., Park C., Fay C.C., Wang X., Ke C., 2015, Mechanical strength of boron nitride nanotube-polymer interfaces, Applied Physics Letters, 107, 253105.
Chen Y., Zou J., Campbell S.J., Caer G.L., 2004, Boron nitride nanotubes: pronounced resistance to oxidation, Applied Physics Letters, 84, 2430-2432.
Chopra N.G., Luyken R.J., Cherrey K., Crespi V.H., Cohen M.L., Louie S.G., Zettl A., 1995, Boron nitride nanotubes, Science, 269, 966-967.
Chopra N.G., Zettl A., 1998, Measurement of the elastic modulus of a multi-wall boron nitride nanotube, Solid State Communications, 105, 297-300.
Chowdhury R., Wang C.Y., Adhikari S., Scarpa F., 2010, Vibration and symmetry-breaking of boron nitride nanotubes, Nanotechnology, 21, 365702.
Davar A., Sadri S., 2016, Finite element analysis of the effect of boron nitride nanotubes in beta tricalcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite elastic modulus using the RVE model, Composites Part B: Engineering, 90, 336-340.
Davar A., Sadri S., 2017, Finite element analysis of boron nitride nanotubes’ shielding effect on the stress intensity factor of semielliptical surface crack in a wide range of matrixes using RVE model, Composites Part B: Engineering, 110, 351-360.
Fakhrabad D.V., Shahtahmassebi N., 2013, First-principles calculations of the Young’s modulus of double wall boron-nitride nanotubes, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 138, 2, 963-966.
Fereidoon A., Mostafaei M., Ganji M.D., Memarian F., 2015, Atomistic simulations on the influence of diameter, number of walls, interlayer distance and temperature on the mechanical properties of BNNTs, Superlattices and Microstructures, 86, 126-133.
Fereidoon A., Rajabpour M., Hemmatian H., 2013, Fracture analysis of epoxy/SWCNT nanocomposite based on global-local finite element model, Composites: Part B, 54, 400-408.
Ghorbanpour Arani A., Haghshenas A., Amir S., Azami M., Khoddami Maraghi Z., 2012a, Electro-thermo-mechanical response of thick-walled piezoelectric cylinder reinforced by BNNTs, Journal of Nanostructures, 2, 113-124.
Ghorbanpour Arani A., Shams S., Amir S., Khoddami Maraghi Z., 2012b, Effects of electro-thermal fields on buckling of a piezoelectric polymeric shell reinforced with DWBNNTs, Journal of Nanostructures, 2, 345-355.
Gibson R., 2007, Principles of Composite Material Mechanics, CRC Press.
Gojny F.H., Wichmann M.H.G., Fiedler B., Schulte K., 2005, Influence of different carbon nanotubes on the mechanical properties of epoxy matrix composites – a comparative study, Composites Science and Technology, 65, 2300-2313.
Gou J., Minaei B., Wang B., Liang Z., Zhang C., 2004, Computational and experimental study of interfacial bonding of single-walled nanotube reinforced composites, Computational Materials Science, 31, 225-236.
Griebel M., Hamaekers J., Heber F., 2009, A molecular dynamics study on the impact of defects and functionalization on the Young modulus of boron-nitride nanotubes, Computational Materials Science, 45, 4, 1097-1103.
Hemmatian H., Fereidoon A., Rajabpour M., 2012, Investigation of crack resistance in single walled carbon nanotube reinforced polymer composites based on FEM, Journal of Ultrafine Grained and Nanostructured Materials, 45, 13-18.
Jakubinek M.B., Martinez-Rubi Y., Ashrafi B., Yourdkhani M., Rahmat M., Djokic D., Guan J., Su Kim K., Kingston C.T., Simard B., Johnston A., 2016, Nanoreinforced epoxy composites based on boron nitride nanotubes and their application to adhesive joints and composite laminates, Proceedings of 3rd Annual Composites and Advanced Materials Expo, CAMX 2016, Anaheim, United States.
Khaleghian M., Azarakhshi F., 2016, Electronic properties studies of Benzene under boron nitride nano ring field, International Journal of Nano Dimension, 7, 290-294.
Lee D., Song S.H., Hwang J., Jin S.H., Park K.H., Kim B.H., Hong S.H., Jeon S., 2013, Enhanced mechanical properties of epoxy nanocomposites by mixing noncovalently functionalized boron nitride nanoflakes, Small, 9, 2602-2610.
Mirjalili V., Hubert P., 2010, Modelling of the carbon nanotube bridging effect on the toughening of polymers and experimental verification, Composites Science and Technology, 70, 1537-1543.
Mohammadimehr M., Mahmudian-Najafabadi M., 2013, Bending and free vibration analysis of nonlocal functionally graded nanocomposite Timoshenko beam model reinforced by WBNNT based on modified coupled stress theory, Journal of Nanostructures, 3, 483-492.
Molani F., 2017, The effect of C, Si, N, and P impurities on structural and electronic properties of armchair boron nanotube, Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry, 7, 243-248.
Mortazavi B., Baniassadi M., Bardon J., Ahzi S., 2013, Modeling of two-phase random composite materials by finite element, Mori-Tanaka and strong contrast methods, Composites Part B, Engineering, 45, 1117-1125.
Rozenberg B.A., Tenne R., 2008, Polymer-assisted fabrication of nanoparticles and nanocomposites, Progress in Polymer Science, 33, 40-112.
Sun L., R. Gibson F., Gordaninejad F., Suhr J., 2009, Energy absorption capability of nanocomposites: a review, Composites Science and Technology, 69, 2392-2409.
Suryavanshi A.P., Yu M., Wen J., Tang C., Bando Y., 2004, Elastic modulus and resonance behavior of boron nitride nanotubes, Applied Physics Letters, 84, 2527-2529.
Tserpes K., Papanikos P., Labeas G., Pantelakis S., 2008, Multi-scale modeling of tensile behavior of carbon nanotube-reinforced composites, Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, 49, 51-60.
Ulus H., Üstün T., Eskizeybek V., Şahin Ö.S., Avcı A., Ekrem M., 2014, Boron nitride-MWCNT/epoxy hybrid nanocomposites: Preparation and mechanical properties, Applied Surface Science, 318, 37-42.
Verma V., Jindal V., Dharamvir K., 2007, Elastic moduli of a boron nitride nanotube, Nanotechnology, 18, 435711.
Wei X., Wang M.S., Bando Y., Golberg D., 2010, Tensile tests on individual multi-walled boron nitride nanotubes, Advanced Materials, 22, 43, 4895-4899.
Yang S., Cui Z. Qu J., 2014, A coarse-grained model for epoxy molding compound, The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 118, 1660-1669.
Zhang L., Wang X., 2016, DNA sequencing by hexagonal boron nitride nanopore: a computational study, Nanomaterials, 6, 111.
Zhi C., Bando Y., Tang C., Golberg D., 2010, Boron nitride nanotubes, Materials Science and Engineering: R, 70, 92-111.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top