Experimental and numerical investigation of friction coefficient effects on defects in horizontal tube bending process
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Memorial University of NewFoundland, Canada
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad university, Tabriz, Iran
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics 2015;53(4):837–846
The aim of this paper is to investigate defects in a thin-walled tube bending process (without using mandrel and booster) and effects of friction between the dies and tube on wrinkles. In the tube bending process, there are several effective parameters such as wall thickness, outer diameter-to-wall thickness ratio, centerline bending radius-to-outer diameter ratio and friction coefficient. Any mismatch in the selection of the process parameters would cause defects inducing undesirable variations in wall thickness and cross-section distortion. In this work, firstly, tubes with several wall thickness values are bent, and the final depths of wrinkling and wall thickness change are reviewed. Then, to study the process numerically, numerical simulations are carried out. Then, a series of experimental tests are carried out to verify the simulation results. A comparison between numerical and experimental results shows a reasonable agreement. Finally, in order to obtain a suitable friction condition, the effects of friction coefficients on defects are studied. For this purpose, a series of simulations has been carried out. It shows that at a certain friction coefficient, a minimum wrinkling depth can be observed and variations in the friction coefficient between the dies and tube has no effective influence on wall thinning and thickening.