Analytical expressions for effective weighting functions used during simulations of water hammer
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West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin
Publication date: 2017-07-15
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics 2017;55(3):1029–1040
For some time, work has been underway aimed at significant simplification of the modelling of hydraulic resistance occurring in the water hammer while maintaining an acceptable error. This type of resistance is modelled using a convolution integral, among others, from local acceleration of a liquid and a certain weighting function. The recently completed work shows that during efficient calculations of the convolution integral, the effective weighting function used does not have to be characterised by large convergence with a classical function (according to Zielke during laminar flow and to Vardy-Brown during turbulent flow). However, it must be a sum of at least two or three exponential expressions so that the final results of the simulation could be considered as satisfactory. In this work, it has been decided to present certain analytical formulas using which it will be possible to determine the coefficients of simplified effective weighting functions in a simple direct way.